Origin and Constitution
"1) The Criminal Investigation Department, as at present constituted, is the Intelligence Bureau for the Police Department and as such it should be in a position to supply Government with first information on all matters of political, administrative or general interest.
2) The Department is in charge of a Special Superintendent of Police whose headquarters are at Shillong and is divided into the following branches :-
(i) The Investigation Branch.
(ii) The Intelligence Branch.
(iii) The Special Branch.
(iv) The Finger Print Bureau, for which there is a separate manual."
The above is an extract from the manual of the Criminal Investigation Department, Assam Part-I. This manual was printed at the Assam Secretariat Press, Shillong in 1922. As it can be seen, the CID included the Investigation, intelligence and Special Branch along with the Finger Print Bureau.
Regarding jurisdiction, the following has been inserted.
"It has been defined that the jurisdiction of a Criminal Investigation Department officer in Assam for the purpose of the investigation of cases is the whole province of Assam. (Vide paragraph 882 of the Assam Police Gazette, dated, the lst November, 1913)."
The objectives initially appear to have been to co-operate between the police of different districts and of different provisions, to check crime, to secure detection and arrest wanted criminals, to trace property stolen and recovered and to act as an agency for disseminating intelligence likely to aid police in their work.
"One of the main purposes of the department is to deal effectively with organised crime, and the efficiency of the department in this respect depends upon the training of officers to be expert in dealing with special classes of crime, such as coining , poisoning, fraud, dacoity, smuggling etc. Whenever at headquarters and not otherwise employed, officers should devote their time to studying the office records of crime and criminals with a view to assimilating all the information that is available."
Further, it is the responsibility of all officers at all times to collect the following information:
1) Rumours or published opinions likely to disturb the public peace or the feeling of the people towards the Government.
2) Popular feeling on political, religious or other subjects of general interest and the circulation of letters of secret signals likely to disturb the public peace or stir up racial feelings.
3) Information regarding political leaders or movements or publications.
4) Current opinion regarding Government policy or Government laws and measures.
5) Tampering with the Army or with the Police by political agitators.
6) The doings of known political agitators.
7) Instances of religious excitement or industrial strikes.
8) The formation of trade unions or guilds by any caste or class or any combination calculated to affect the relations between employees and employers of labour.
9) The doings of suspicious strangers or foreigners."
Some interesting signatures of Police officers are available, some of which are legible and some inllegible. Among the early legible signatures we came across the names of Mr. Ballantine and Mr. J.E. Reid.
Bifurcation of C.I.D.
Bifurcation of CID
Subsequently, the Special Branch was bifurcated from the C.I.D. The details of orders and exact date are again not available. However from the D.O. book entries the names of personnel transferred from the C.I.D. to the Special Branch is available as 29.4.1965 and 1.5.1965, quoting orders of the IGP, Assam, No. Police/65/31 dated 6th April,1965 and No.Police/65/36 dated 6th April,1965. From this list it is observed that quite a few personnel belonged to the Pakistan infiltration wing.
Shifting to Guwahati
1) Ganeshguri (Feb.,1973).
2) Lachitnagar (March, 1975).
3) Ulubari, behind Bora Service (Dec.,1992).
4) Mathura Nagar (October,1994).
Finally the C.I.D. shifted to its own permanent building at Ulubari in January, 1998.
The present building of the C.I.D. is spacious enough for its purposes, enabling proper co-ordination and control on its activities.
The primary role of the C.I.D., Assam is to monitor the criminal investigation, guide the Investigating officers and to investigate important cases, more so cases having inter-State ramification. Presently, it has the following cells :-
- A cell dealing with crime against person.
- A cell dealing with crime against property.
- A cell dealing with white collar crime.
- A cell dealing with arms, explosives, wild life, etc.
- A cell dealing with women, girls and juvenile cases.
- A cell dealing with automobile thefts and accidents, etc.
- A cell dealing with narcotics drugs.
- A cell dealing with extremist activities.
- A cell dealing with legal matters.
- A cell dealing with crime statistics,returns and State Crime Record Bureau.
- A cell dealing with Finger Prints.
- A cell dealing with Photography.
- A cell dealing with Dog Squad.
- A cell dealing with miscellaneous enquiries.
- A cell dealing with Government Rly. Police.
- A cell dealing with Computers.
Cell on Crime against Women
In order to tackle crime involving women, a Special Cell for monitoring and co-ordinating investigation of cases of crimes against women and immoral traffic have been functioning in the C.I.D. since 1994 under the direct supervision of the DIG(CID), Assam, Guwahati.
This Cell has been doggedly supervising all the important cases all over the State involving crime against women. Thorough supervision and constant monitoring and progress of investigation of offences like dowry death, rape, immoral trafficking in women keep the Cell busy.
C.I.D. has also taken over investigation of many cases of physical violence against women and successfully investigated the same. Realising its commitment to the society, this Cell has resolved to curb social menaces like prostitution and dowry deaths. The cell has also conducted raids in hotels, restaurants, private houses, beauty parlours etc. and arrested many offenders to book.
This Cell has been instrumental in setting up a Family Counselling Centre at the C.I.D. HQ since 15th September, 1997 in consultation with the Social Welfare Department. This Centre has a Counsellor, who provides counselling to estranged couples after thorough case study. The main objective of the Counselling Centre is to reduce family and marital disputes, atrocities on women and alcholism, etc. So far, the counselling Centre has taken up many cases, of which it has been able to sort out marital discord in quite a few cases.